14 Feb Bazan Marriage Records
It appears that these records were part of the research done by Geraldine Creaghe Cuneo.
(No. 2), Santa Fe, DON IGNACIO RICARDO BAZÁN (40), Español¹, n. of the City of Puebla residing in Santa Fe, widowed l n1st marriage of Da. Ignacia Ledesma, Española of Mexico City, son of Don Jose Bazán y Lobato and Da. Josefa Alvarez y Trujillo, both deceased, and Da. Juana Apolonia Gutierrez, española of Pajarito, d. of Don Lorenzo Gutierrez, Capt. De Milicias Urbanas, and Da. Maria Candelaria Garcia de Noriega. Groom had come from Mexico City, employed by the Real Hacienda since Sept. 3, 1805. – Witnesses: Don Antonio Ortiz (38), Don Jose de la Peña (27).
Sept. 21 (nos. 85-86), Santa Fe. JOAQUIN ALEJANDRO BAZÁN of Pajarito, son of Don Ignacioi Ricardo Bazán, deceased, and Da. Apolonia Gutierrez, and Maria Luz Ortiz, widow of Jose Alejandro Baca. Couple accused of being related in 2nd degree affinity through illicit copula; to be separated until matter is cleared up.
State Records Center & Archives
404 Montezuma, Santa Fe, New Mexico
¹In the 18th and early 19th centuries, Santa Fe society, as well as that of virtually all of New Spain, was multiethnic and quite stratified by race. At the top were españoles who could claim a pure Spanish blood line or pureza de sangre españoles. They were entitled to use the titles Don and Doña.
This was subdivided into peninsulares who were born in Spain and criollos who were children of New Spain².
While both of these sub classifications were at the top of the social ladder and held the best government jobs, a real advantage was enjoyed by the peninsulares. Zebulon Pike noted, during his captivity in Santa Fe in 1807, that Army promotions went more quickly to the peninsulares. officers.³
The lower strata were held by people of mixed race.
With regard to Ignacio and his brother Juan, I cannot determine from either Madge Creaghe’s or Geraldine Cuneo’s histories where they or their parents were born. In my childhood in the 1950’s, the legend was that the brothers were from Spain, but that is not supported by what we have in writing. It seems most likely that they were criollo. Serapia Bazán Creaghe certainly considered herself to be españole (see “Serapia Bazán Creaghe – Ancestors”). If anyone has further information, please pass it on.
² Noble, David; “Santa Fe, History of an Ancient City”, SAR Press, 1989, p. 65-77.
³ Orsi, Jared; “Citizen Explorer, The Life of Zebulon Pike”, Museum of New Mexico Press, 1995, p.68.